The list of contributors to the creation discussions includes individuals and organizations. A list of people and organizations is a basic element of the self-directed study of any subject. A list of contributors provides an easily accessible reference for studying creation. This list of contributors was developed from a number of sources including the PCA Report, books that support the Calendar-Day view, Wikipedia and various websites.
God is the first contributor to the creation discussion through His word, the Bible. God the Father directly quoted on numerous occasions in the Old Testament; God the Son is quoted in the New Testament; God the Holy Spirit moved writers of both the New and Old Testaments to write specific words.
American Scientific Affiliation (ASA): The American Scientific Affiliation (ASA) was established in1941 as a group for evangelicals in science. The group soon became dominated by those who believed in theistic evolution.
Answers in Genesis (AIG): Answers in Genesis was founded in 1994 and has its roots in earlier Australian creation organizations. The current president of the organization is Ken Ham. AIG operates the Creation Museum at Petersburg, Kentucky. AIG is constructing a replica of Noah’s Ark in Grant County, Kentucky (45 miles from the museum). This effort is called Ark Encounter and is scheduled for completion in 2016. AIG conducts seminars throughout the United States and offers creationist resources.
BioLogos Foundation: The BioLogos foundation was established in 2007. Dr. Francis Collins served as the director of the organization until he resigned to become the director of NIH. The mission of the Foundation is states on its website (About / Our History); it was excerpted on June 15, 2016:
“BioLogos invites the church and the world to see the harmony between science and biblical faith as we present an evolutionary understanding of God’s creation.”
The BioLogos Foundation promotes theistic evolution within the evangelical church and receives founding from the Templeton Foundation. The following is a quote from the BioLogos website (About / Our History); it was excerpted on June 15, 2016:
“In 2012 BioLogos established a new competitive granting program called Evolution and Christian Faith. With funding from the John Templeton Foundation, more than $3.6 million in grants was awarded to over three dozen individuals and teams from sixteen states and six different countries. Their projects aim to address theological and philosophical concerns commonly voiced by Christians about evolutionary creation in a way that is relevant to the church. Over three years, they plan to generate hundreds of resources, including videos, websites, articles, teaching materials, books, and seminars….”
The BioLogos Foundation promotes theistic evolution within the evangelical church in a very organized, focused, and aggressive manner.
Baumgarardner, John: Dr. John Baumgardner, the developer of the TERRA model of plate tectonics. After leaving the Los Alamos Laboratory, Baumgardner joined the Institute for Creation Research and developed a model for catastrophic plate tectonics. In 1988 – U.S. News and World Report magazine featured an article on his work.
Collins, Francis S.: Dr. Collins (b. 1950) is the author of the book The Language of God; a Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief. The book was published in 2006 and provoked an interest in theistic evolution. Dr. Collins serves as director for the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He served as director of the National Human Genome Institute (NHGRI). The book sparks an interest in theistic evolution. (Wikipedia)
Collins, C. John: Dr. C. John “Jack” Collins is a professor at Covenant Theological Seminary (PCA) and a participant at BioLogos events. Dr. “Jack” Collins is the author of papers (1994 and 1997) that support the Analogical Days Interpretation; this interpretation is described in the PCA Report. Dr. “Jack” Collins is the author of several books on creation related topics. Books by Dr. “Jack” Collins include:
- Science and Faith: Friends or Foes (Crossway, 2003)
- Genesis 1-4: A Language, Theological, and Literary Commentary (P&R, 2006)
- Did Adam and Eve Really Exist?: Who They Were and Why You Should Care (Crossway, 2011)
Covenant Seminary (a PCA Seminary located in St. Louis, Mo.) congratulated Dr. Collins for his selection to be one of six recipients for the inaugural Henry Resident Fellowship program, The Creation Project, at the Carl F. H. Henry Center for Theological Understanding at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. The fellowship is described as a scholar-in-residence program designed to support and stimulate evangelical scholarship that examines various biblical and theological elements in the doctrine of creation and their interaction with scientific developments. Dr. Collins contribution is described as:
“During the first year, the group will be focusing on the topic of “Reading Genesis in an Age of Science.” Dr. Collins’s particular focus will be on “Genesis 1–11: Poetry, History, Science, Truth.”
Information and quotation were excerpted ON 5/4/16 from: www.covenantseminary.edu/the-thistle/Collins-research-fellowship
Creation Research Society: The Creation Research Society (CRS) is formed in 1963. The founders included Christians in the ASA that disagreed with evolution. (Wikipedia)
Davidson, G.R.: Dr. Davidson hold is doctorate in hydrogeology and is the department chair of the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering at the University of Mississippi. Dr. Davidson is a member of a PCA church and is a speaker for Solid Rock Lectures, a theistic evolution ministry. In 2009 he authored the book When Faith & Science Collide – A Biblical Approach to Evaluating Evolution and the Age of the Earth (2009 – Malius Press). This book supports a discordant view of creation and evolution. Dr. Davidson is also listed on the BioLogos Speakers Bureau – BioLogos Voices (BioLogos website 10/15/16).
Duff, Joel: Dr. Duff holds a doctorate in botany and is a professor of biology at the University of Akron (Ohio). Dr. Duff is a member of a PCA church and is a speaker for Solid Rock Lectures, a theistic evolution ministry. Dr. Duff has website, www.naturalhistoria.com which has numerous blog posts on theistic evolution from a reformed perspective. Dr. Duff is also listed on the BioLogos Speakers Bureau – BioLogos Voices (BioLogos website 10/15/16).
Irons, Lee C.: Dr. Irons is a former OPC minister and advocate of the Framework Interpretation. He currently serves as a ruling elder at New Life Burbank (PCA). Irons and Meredith Kline presented the Framework Interpretation in the book The Genesis Debate: Three Views on the Days of Creation (2000). Dr. Irons has a website: www.upperregister.com which contains much information concerning Framework Interpretation and Dr. Kline. Dr. Irons has an interesting paper titled “Adam and Evolution” (dated 4/24/15); it may be found on his website /papers/Genesis Debates. The paper is a consolidation of a series of blog posts covering a number of topics. Dr. Irons believes there is evidence for evolution. He also expresses concern about theistic evolution and the historicity of Adam. Dr. Irons lists five (5) potential views of Adam for those who believe in theistic evolution.
Institute for Creation Research: The Institute for Creation Research (ICR) was formed in 1970. Dr. Henry Morris has the founder of the organization and becomes the organization’s first president. ICR conducts seminars throughout the United States and offers creationist resources.
Keller, Timothy J.: Dr. Keller (b. 1950- ) is a PCA Ordained minister and pastor of Redeemer PCA in the Borough of Manhattan, in New York, New York. In 2008, he authored the book The Reason for God. This book made it to #7 in non-fiction on the New York Times bestsellers list. In his book, Keller supports theistic evolution. Keller contributes to the BioLogos website. Dr. Keller is also listed on the BioLogos website under endorsements. (BioLogos website 10/16/16).
Kline, Meredith G.: Dr. Meredith G. Kline (1922-2007) was an OPC ordained academic who had a very long teaching career that included several seminaries. Kline was an outspoken advocate for the Framework Interpretation who influenced several generations of seminary students. Framework Interpretation articles include:
- “Because It Had Not Rained”. Westminster Theological Journal (1958)
- “Space and Time in the Genesis Cosmogony”. Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith (1996)
Footnote #47 of the “Space and Time in the Genesis Cosmogony” states: “In this article I have advocated an interpretation of biblical cosmogomy in which scripture is open to the current scientific view of a very old universe and, in that respect, does not discountenance the theory of an evolutionary origin of man. …”
Morris, Henry, M.: Dr. Henry M. Morris (1918-2006) was the founder and first president of the Institute for Creation Research. Dr. John C. Whitcomb, Jr. (b. 1924) and Dr. Morris are the co-authors of The Genesis Flood (1961). Dr. Morris has a Ph.D. in hydraulic engineering and served as the department chair for civil engineering at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech).
Noordzij, Arie: Dr. Arie Noordzij of the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands was, (in 1924) the first proponent of the Framework Interpretation. (Wikipedia)
Orthodox Presbyterian Church (OPC): The OPC prepared a well written report on the creation for 71th General Assembly of the OPC in 2004. The OPC Report may be downloaded at: www.opc.org.
Presbyterian Church in America (PCA): The Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) was formed in 1973. Many of the churches that join the denomination were conservative churches of the Southern Presbyterian Church. The PCA prepared a well written report on creation for the 28th General Assembly of the PCA. The PCA Report may be downloaded at: www.pcahistory.org.
Ross, Hugh: Ross (b. 1945) is the president of Reasons to Believe (Reasons) which was founded in 1986. Ross, an astronomer, is a contemporary champion of the Day-Age Interpretation and the Big Bang.
Sarfati, Johnathan: Dr. Sarfati is a prominent creationist writer and speaker for Creation Ministries International (CMI). Books by Sarfati include:
- The Genesis Account: A theological, historical, and scientific commentary on Genesis 1-11,(2015, Creation Book Publishers)
- Refuting Compromise: A Biblical and Scientific Refutation of Progressive Creationism, (2004,Creation Book Publishers)
- The Revised & Expanded Answers Book, (2003, with Carl Wieland and David Catchpoole, edited by Don Batten)
- Refuting Evolution 2,( 2002/2011, Creation Book Publishers)
- Refuting Evolution, (1999-2010, Creation Book Publishers)
Snoke, David: Dr. Snoke (b. 1945) is the professor of physics at the University of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. He is a ruling elder in a PCA church. He is the author of A Biblical Case for an Old Earth (2006 – Baker Books). This book covers Genesis 1 through 11 from a Day-Age view.
Solid Rock Lectures: This ministry focuses on geology and theistic evolution. Solid Rocks Lectures presented at lecture at the 2012 PCA General Convention titled “The PCA Creation Study Committee a Dozen Years Later: What does science say now? “ Dr. G.R. Davidson and Dr. Joel Duff are listed as Solid Rock Lectures speakers. They both are listed on the BioLogos Speakers Bureau – BioLogos Voices (BioLogos website 10/15/16).
Templeton Foundation: The Templeton Foundation was established by British investor and philanthropist Sir John M. Templeton (1912 -2008) in 1987. The Templeton Foundation has supported the BioLogos Foundation with grants. The Templeton Foundation also supports other theistic evolution programs.