This section is for those who are new to the creation discussion. We are thankful for your interest in creation and are glad that you have visited this website.
Creation is probably the most controversial topic of discussion in the church today. There are deep divisions of opinion on the subject of creation.
In the event that you are new, you probably have a lot of questions. We will try to answer some basic questions such as:
What is the creation discussion?
Brief Answer: The creation discussion is basically a discussion about the truth of the Biblical narrative from creation through the Table of Nations (Genesis 1 through 11). Uniformitarian geology (late 1700’s) and the theory of evolution (1859) are in direct contradiction with the Biblical account of creation and the flood. In addition, evolution provides an explanation for all things without the God of the Bible or any other god. As a result, evolution is a world view of atheists and agnostics. Today, evolution is official view of the scientific consensus.
To learn more: Visit the timeline of the creation discussion; this may found under Resources. Visit the article titled “A Brief History of the Creation Discussion.”
What is a reformed teaching?
Brief Answer: Reformed teaching is Christian doctrine that had been obscured by the Roman Catholic Church but was rediscovered by men like Martin Luther and John Calvin. This period of church history is termed the “Reformation.” Five rediscoveries of Biblical truths are termed the “Five Solae”; they are: 1) Sola Scriptura – the Bible alone as the source of Christian doctrine; 2) Sola Fide – salvation by faith in Christ alone; 3) Sola Gratia – salvation through God’s grace alone; 4) Sola Cristus – Salvation through the work of Christ on the cross alone, and; 5) Sola Deo Gloria – glory to God alone. Reformed teaching is present in European Reformed churches and their American counterparts, Presbyterian churches, Reformed Baptist churches. Reformed teaching is also being discovered by Pentecostals and Charismatics. Presbyterians consider the Westminster Standards to be the best summaries of reformed teaching. These standards consist of the Westminster Confession of Faith, the Larger Catechism and the Shorter Catechism.
To learn more: Visit the Westminster Standards at the website of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church: www.opc.org . Visit a conservative Presbyterian congregation.
Who are the participants in the creation discussion?
Brief Answer: Participants in the current creation discussion have views of creation ranging from the Traditional Interpretation of the Biblical account of creation to “Scientific Atheism.” Views of creation include the following:
- Christians who hold the church’s Traditional Interpretation of creation as being accomplished in six days of ordinary (24 hour) length are participants
- Christians who believe long ages required by uniformitarian geology but do not believe in evolution often hold the Ruin-Reconstruction (Gap) Interpretation or the Day-Age Interpretation. These views are termed “concordant views” of creation. Others who hold long age but not evolution hold Analogical-Day Interpretation and the Framework Interpretation. These views are termed “discordant views” of creation.
- Christians who believe long ages required by uniformitarian geology and in evolution are said to hold to Theistic Evolution (also termed Evolutionary Creation). They believe that theistic evolution may be supported by “discordant views” of creation.
- Christians and some non-Christians who believe in design rather than chance accept the teachings of the Intelligent Design Movement. This movement offers very good evidences for design but does not name the designer.
- Secularists typically believe in the long ages required by uniformitarian geology and in evolution. Secularists do not require the God of the Bible or any other god for long geologic ages, evolution or anything else.
To learn more: Visit the article titled “Participants in the Creation Discussion.” Visit the Timeline of the Creation Discussion, the Glossary of the Creation Discussion, and Contributors to the creation discussion. These may found under Resources.
Why should Christians study creation?
Brief Answer: All Christians should know the entire Bible. Christians should be able understand their faith and be able to give an account of their faith. Here are a few good reasons to study creation:
- The creation narrative introduces us to God and to His attributes. God calls us to know Him and understand Him. We are not to glory in our own wisdom, strength, or riches. We are to glory in the fact that we know and understand the LORD (Jeremiah 9:23 & 24). His thoughts are not our thoughts and His ways are not our ways (Isaiah 55:8 & 9). In the account of creation, we are first introduced to God’s omnipotence. We are introduced to a God who speaks all things into existence and pronounces His creation good. Throughout the Old Testament and New Testament, the reader continues to encounters a God who speaks with power. What He speaks becomes reality. The creation narrative shows us that our God is a God of order; He speaks in an orderly, rational, and understandable manner.
- The creation narrative communicates how God created in six days and then rested on the seventh day. This sets our pattern of work and rest for human kind.
- The narrative of creation and the chapters succeeding it are the root many important doctrines including: human kind created by God in His image, the dominion mandate, marriage, original sin, the headship of Adam, the promise of a Savior, and more.
- Creation is the cornerstone of Christian apologetics. Christians who are able to defend the first 11 chapters of Genesis as historical fact are also able to effectively defend the entire Bible.
- Creation is an important element of the reformed faith. Chapter 4 – “Of Creation” is one of 33 chapters of the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF). This chapter was excerpted from the OPC website on 5/11/15 as follows:
“1. It pleased God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, for the manifestation of the glory of his eternal power, wisdom, and goodness, in the beginning, to create, or make of nothing, the world, and all things therein whether visible or invisible, in the space of six days; and all very good.
- After God had made all other creatures, he created man, male and female, with reasonable and immortal souls, endued with knowledge, righteousness, and true holiness, after his own image; having the law of God written in their hearts, and power to fulfill it: and yet under a possibility of transgressing, being left to the liberty of their own will, which was subject unto change. Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command, not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God, and had dominion over the creatures.”